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Maternal & Paternal Mental Health

Did you know that Perinatal Mood and Anxiety Disorders (PMADs) are the most common medical complication of childbearing? Perinatal Mood and Anxiety. PMADs can effect up to 20% of women and up to 10% of fathers from pregnancy through the first year post baby. Postpartum depression, anxiety, OCD, trauma, bipolar or psychosis is temporary and treatable. Unlike baby blues, which impacts up to 80% of postpartum mothers and resolve on its own, these disorders often require medical attention. And although leading maternal health care experts believe mothers (and fathers) should be screened several times from pregnancy through 1 year postpartum, most are not formally screened at all. 

Signs and Symptom of PMADs



  • Depressed mood or severe mood swings
  • Excessive crying
  • Difficulty bonding with the baby
  • Withdrawing from family and friends
  • Loss of appetite or eating more than usual
  • Inability to sleep (even when baby is sleeping) or sleeping too much
  • Overwhelming fatigue or loss of energy
  • Reduced interest & pleasure in activities
  • Intense irritability, anger & rage
  • Feeling sad, hopeless, empty, or overwhelmed
  • Apathy
  • Suffering from physical aches and pains, including headaches, stomach problems and muscle pains
  • Feelings of worthless, shame, guilt or inadequacy
  • Diminished ability to think clearly, concentrate or make decisions
  • Restlessness or an inability to sit still
  • Racing thoughts
  • Severe anxiety and pain attacks
  • Heart palpitations, hyperventilation, shakiness, sweating, nausea or vomiting
  • Fear that you’re not a good mother
  • Thoughts of harming yourself or your baby
  • Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide

  • Postpartum Depression in Fathers



    Did you know that fathers also experience mental health difficulties related to having a new baby?

    Less well known, paternal postpartum depression impacts 8-10% of fathers and causes adverse consequences in their own lives, their relationship with a partner, and can impact the child’s development and well-being.

    Risk factors for PPD include: 
    • history of depression in either parent
    • hormonal changes
    • financial struggles 
    Fathers’ with PPD often experience irritability, restricted emotions, and depressed mood. 

    How can AICT help?



    1. Treatment offers a supportive and destigmatizing environment - psychotherapy focuses on how you actually feel rather than how you “should” feel.

    2. Psychoeducation of PMADS – signs and symptoms of postpartum depression, anxiety, OCD, bipolar, trauma and psychotic disorders.

    3. Improving self-care – improve sleep, reducing isolation, increasing physical activity, eating a nutritionally rich diet, learning techniques to improve relaxation (deep breathing, PMR) and adaptive coping.’

    4. Skills, tools & crisis management – utilize distress tolerance strategies and create coping plans

    5. Cognitive restructuring - Identify unhelpful thoughts, feelings, and behaviors then challenge and reframe these patterns.

    6. Foster resilience – identify personal strengths, accumulate positive emotions and experiences, build mastery

    7. Increasing knowledge and use of adaptive coping skills – improving one’s ability to communicate more effectively, utilizing mindfulness techniques (letting go of how things “should be” and accepting reality as it is), identifying and acknowledging conflicting feelings/emotions, urge-surfing, and assertiveness training.

    Clinicians at AICT who treat Maternal & Paternal Mental Health:


    Heather Glubo Ph.D, Director of Behavioral Medicine, Clinician, is a New York State licensed clinical psychologist with extensive experience in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) and specialized training in health psychology. Dr. Glubo’s clinical health psychology training focused on the mind‐body connection in treating neurological and medical conditions. Dr. Glubo draws from evidence-based treatments in her behavioral medicine work to treat those suffering from concussion, traumatic brain injury (TBI), headaches, pain, cancer, multiple sclerosis, heart disease, and issues affecting women's health. To read Dr. Glubo's full bio visit our staff list.
    All Content on this website is copyrighted © Robert L. Leahy, PhD. All Rights Reserved.

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